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how many surgical masks are sold yearly

How many masks have you sold? Switzerland and Austria The Internet of Things Geo-Blocking For China, the “Medical Device Classifications Catalogue” (effective 1 August 2018) lists both surgical mask (141304) and protective face mask for medical use (141401) as Class II medical devices. Under the Civil provisions, the court can order the infringing entity to cease manufacture/distribution etc. In general, surgical masks are about three times as effective at blocking virus-containing aerosols than homemade face masks, a 2013 study found. If the product does not meet these specifications, they may not function as required and place the wearer at significant risk. A significant element of the law is that there are penalties for producing and selling fake or substandard commodities and for selling medical devices that do not comply with the national or industrial standards for safeguarding human health. It's crazy. The PRC Anti-Unfair Competition Law makes misleading buyers and false representations a violation of the law. Belgium    Trade Regulatory Sweden Esports falsely claiming compliance to a standard specification). The PRC Ecommerce Law that came into effect in January 2019 makes it illegal to sell products that do not comply with specified safety requirements and also for products that infringe on another’s IP rights (patents, copyright, trademarks). Infrastructure    Business Immigration Under the Administrative provisions, there is potential for the infringement to warrant criminal investigation if the market regulation administration deems it a crime. This study was conducted to check the efficacy of face masks in limiting bacterial dispersal when worn continuously in Operation Theater.    Tax Disputes    Data breach & Incident Response Service Tessellate The infringement of a registered trademark in Hong Kong occurs if a person who is not the owner (or licensee) uses “in the course of trade or business a trade mark identical or similar to the registered trade mark in relation to identical or similar goods or services”. ASEAN Some N95 masks, and even some cloth masks, have one-way valves that make them easier to breathe through. Australia I charge $18 for each. A counterfeit product is, under the law, deemed to be an unregistered product. The Richmond News has learned that many pharmacies across the city are either completely sold out of surgical masks or only have a handful left. Coronavirus (COVID-19) This classification places legislative requirements on the product in terms of specifications, license to manufacture, quality control and recording of business operations. China Practice Area    Civil Law Investigations If there is a known history of the patient having influenza, such as H1N1, the dentist may have to wear an N95 face mask.    Export Controls, Sanctions and Embargoes The penalties are imprisonment and fines equivalent of 0.5 to 2 times the sales amounts or confiscation of property. Like surgical masks, N95 masks are intended to be disposable. Real Estate Latin America    Data Protection Officer Services Guide to IP rights in the UK The important point for manufacturers to note is that there are mechanisms in place in both Mainland China and Hong Kong that can protect their trademark and product name should they become aware of counterfeit products. According to the pharmacies the News spoke to on Wednesday evening, the amount of masks being sold increased dramatically this week, since news of the Chinese coronavirus outbreak spread across the globe. Surgical masks, once simply a strip of cloth tied around the face of a doctor or nurse, are today manufactured using non-woven fabrics made from plastics like polypropylene to filter and protect.They are also available in many different styles and grades depending on the level of protection the user requires. As evidenced by these standards, the manufacturing of a surgical mask must be undertaken with some degree of precision. Masks mandatory in Maharashtra for next six months, says Chief Minist... Mumbai Santa spreads joy, distribute sanitisers, masks, BMC books three for not wearing masks, offers new one. Digital Services Tax    Indirect Tax, Trade and Customs Digital Rights & Assets 5G So how many masks does China need, and where are they produced?    Energy Storage Etsy, an e-commerce website that focuses on handmade and vintage items and craft supplies, has stepped up to the task.    Satellite and Space activities Retail and Consumer Although there exists a national stockpile of 12 million N95 masks and 30 million surgical masks, the estimate is that the country will need 3.5 billion masks in … Germany Surgical masks are specialist pieces of medical equipment designed predominately for use in the hospital environment to protect patients and healthcare staff from spreading and contracting disease. For misleading buyers, a business operator shall not use the marks, names, packaging etc.    Copyright & related rights of another so as to confuse their products with those of well-known brands/products. The EU Whistleblowing Directive due to poor tying of surgical face masks and incorrectly worn surgical face masks causes leaking of air from the side of the surgical face mask (Hofmeyr et al., 2008).    Nuclear United Arab Emirates The EU Trade Mark Reform - The biggest change to trade mark law for 20 years Hungary 1, a Christmas release, wins... Coolie No. Sector The plaintiff has suffered or will likely suffer damage due to the misrepresentation. However, researchers are testing ways to disinfect N95 masks so they can be reused.    Publishing Credit: Belga Police seized a box of 35 surgical masks from a store in Deurne (Antwerp) on Saturday evening. Cloud Computing Most manufacturers Mirror spoke to said they were producing 1.5 lakh masks a day; PIC: SATISH MALAVADE, Copyright © Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. Finland    GDPR Poaching, a well-practised art in the BJP playbook. The company has in two months doubled global production of N95 masks to about 100 million a month, and it’s planning to invest in new equipment to push annual mask production to 2 … Many are made in China, and the Emergency Care Research Institute has found that 70% of KN95 masks imported from China don’t meet U.S. standards for … Looking for more information on surgical masks to meet your medical sourcing … However, by adding a few sheets of tissue paper inside, you can expect them to help block viruses as well. This article discusses the key IP and regulatory issues relating to surgical masks and penalties for the production of counterfeit products. Medicom Group, a Montreal medical supply company, usually makes 150 million masks per year at its factory near Angers, France. International Expansion    Aircraft Finance Police seize surgical masks sold for three euros each in Deurne . Have you found selling masks …    Venture Capital    Unmanned Aircraft Systems    Energy Digitalisation Bird & Bird Plus    Food & Beverage Regulatory Surgical masks are intended to prevent infections in patients and treating personnel by catching bacteria shed in liquid droplets and aerosols from the wearer's mouth and nose. This resulted in the seizure of 68,000 suspected counterfeit masks at one location and the arrest of the shop’s proprietor. ), the middle layer is a filter (for particles and infectious agents) and the outer layer repels liquid (e.g. Financial Services Mobile Health For this reason, counterfeit surgical masks have the potential to expose wearers to significant harm should they be manufactured to substandard specifications. When it comes to the ways to secure the masks, there are three types of surgical masks: ear loop, tie-on, and headband. To ensure the quality and protection of these products, relevant standards exist for their manufacture. The usual price is about S$5 for box of 50 surgical masks. Given the potential risk associated with surgical masks that do not meet the stated requirements, there is a general concern by governments and manufacturers that fake or counterfeit products may infiltrate the market. In Mainland China, there are several legal provisions which can potentially be relied upon against counterfeit surgical masks. Indonesia As stated above, there are severe penalties for using another’s trademark or selling counterfeit products.    Mergers & Acquisitions One example in recent weeks was the seizure of 50,000 fake masks in Yiwu, a manufacturing hub in the eastern Zhejiang province. N95 masks are in short supply, and people who don’t need them are using them. Payment Services There are respirator surgical masks (or N95 masks; Figure 32-21, A), but for routine patient treatment, surgical masks should be sufficient (Figure 32-21, B). The PRC Criminal Law contains penalties for producing/selling counterfeit products. General Data Protection Regulation    Social This can often be through the use of another’s brand name, trademark or packaging etc. Copyright Directive 1, a Christmas release, wins over the audiences with its fun ensemble cast. Surgical masks are more than just simple material that cover the nose and mouth; they are precise products that are required to meet certain specifications in order to provide sufficient protection. Coolie No. Medical Devices Three-ply surgical masks cost less than a rupee each to make, and in normal times are sold to retailers at Re 1 to Rs 2 each. Technology & Communications Competition & EU Law FinTech Asia-Pacific The PRC Trademark Law makes it an offence to use and/or sell goods that violate another’s exclusive trademark. The 3-ply surgical mask has become the most sought-after commodity during the Covid-19 pandemic, with many buying what they can get their hands on.    Brands Netherlands The penalty for such violation will depend on where the case is filed. According to its functions, the surgical masks includes the ordinary surgical mask and N95 surgical mask.    Healthcare Producing or selling a product that does not comply with national standards, or industrial standards for ensuring human health and personal safety can result in the confiscation of product, the issuing of a fine (up to 3 times the value of all illegal products) or potential criminal liability. Inslee's office said the federal government hasn't filled the state's most recent request for tens of thousands of additional N95 respirators, surgical masks and face shields. Diamond Broker falls prey to 'honey tra... Diamond Broker falls prey to 'honey trap' on Instagram, loses Rs 1 crore, Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy.    Cloud, Software & Services 3M Co. MMM 0.30% and a half dozen smaller competitors are making about 50 million of N95 masks—which block 95% of very small particles—in the U.S. …    Mining and Minerals Oxygy The PRC Product Quality Law makes selling a counterfeit surgical mask a potential legal violation.    Luxury, Fashion & Retail    International Arbitration The penalty levied by the market regulation administration may be an order to cease illegal acts, and impose a fine of RMB200,000 up to 1 million.    Product design Trade and Customs    Glossary of terms used in relation to Brexit “The Center for Disease Control notes that fabric masks are a crisis response option when other supplies are not available. Mumbai's famous sexpert Dr Mahinder Wat... Mumbai's famous sexpert Dr Mahinder Watsa passes away. However, the quality of different brands may vary wildly, though the masks may look the same. This law also contains penalty provisions if there is fabrication or fraudulent use of certification marks or other quality marks (confiscation of product and any illegal gain, a fine up to the total value of the illegal products and potential revocation of the business license). Cut open the mask and you should see a very obvious 3-layers, as shown below. Public Projects and Procurement N95 respirators, surgical masks, and face masks are examples of personal protective equipment that are used to protect the wearer from airborne particles and from liquid contaminating the face. In general, a basic surgical mask has three layers: the innermost layer is used for absorbing moisture (from the wearer’s breath, cough, sneeze etc.    Commercial Disputes    Life Sciences What are the surgical mask specifications? If you don’t have those 3 layers, then it is not a 3-ply mask. However, with surgical masks, the counterfeit products will not offer the same protection as the real product. With the recent COVID-19 spread in the United States, people wearing surgical masks in public has become a common sight. As a trademark infringement is a civil wrong, the owner of the mark may be entitled to damages, injunction, destruction of the offending goods or delivery up of the goods. UK    Hotels, Hospitality & Leisure While surgical masks are fluid-resistant and able to filter bacteria more effectively, reusable masks made of cloth or paper can still serve as a form of basic protection. On the other hand, surgical or medical masks and dust masks do not offer as much protection. Regulatory & Public Affairs    Communications The Regulations on Supervision and Administration of Medical Devices prohibit the sale of unregistered medical devices and institute penalty provisions for failing to register a medical device, manufacturing in an unlicensed facility and selling unregistered devices (fines of RMB50,000-100,000 if the total value of illegal products is under RMB10,000 or 10-20 times the value of sales if more than RMB10,000; and possibly a bar on applications for 5 years). Malaysia Sunday, 22 March 2020 . The 3 layers would typically consist of a Translucent piece (top), White piece (middle), and the coloured piece (Green, Blue, or even White). Tax Italy Go, For a fourth consecutive year we have asked our @twobirdstech experts from around the world to predict the challeng… https://t.co/VF9FZJhfBN, Francine Cunningham @frcunningham speaks to @Telegraph about The Digital Services Act and how the rules would see t… https://t.co/1iG9lCLdFO, EU: BS EN 14683:2019 - Medical face masks. The Consumer Goods Safety Ordinance (CGSO) Cap 456. ... it sold more than 80 million masks.    Transfer Pricing The current global concern around Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread.    Competition Toolkit Video Demos A surgical mask, also known as a medical face mask, is intended to be worn by health professionals during healthcare procedures. European Electronic Communications Code But to prevent the panic-buying situation we … Many believe that the wearing of surgical face masks is the best protection against the virus, but, as recommended by the World Health Organisation ("WHO"), the best protection methods are to maintain a high level of personal hygiene through frequent washing of hands, cover the nose and mouth when sneezing/coughing and wear masks only in specific circumstances (e.g. As only certain products meet these requirements, manufacturers of these products do not wish to see their logos or names associated with substandard and counterfeit products.    Airports Central and Eastern Europe Surgical masks are made of a nonwoven fabric created using a melt blowing process. Middle East Transact. The TDO makes it an offence to use false trade descriptions for products in Hong Kong (e.g. These latter two penalties carry more severe punishments if they occur during periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases.    Procurement Challenges Doctors are trying to spray it down with a disinfectant, hoping for the best, and are rationing as much as possible. The CGSO also requires that, if a standard exists, the goods are required to meet that standard to be manufactured, supplied or imported into Hong Kong. Autonomous Driving India As an example, two regularly cited standards are the EU and US standards: To demonstrate what these standards mean for mask performance, a EN14683 Type II/ASTM level 1 mask will need to meet the following specifications: There are also Chinese Standards for surgical masks (GB 19083-2010 Technical Requirements for Protective Face Mask for Medical Use, YY 0469-2011 Surgical Masks) that provide the mandatory specifications for these products in China.    Marketing Bird and Bird have significant expertise in the protection of trademarks and the institution of anti-counterfeiting claims in both Mainland China and Hong Kong. Counterfeit products will often look like the real product and will use logos, emblems and registration numbers/certifications in an attempt to look like the real product.    Rail Blockchain Czech Republic France Enforcement action to tackle counterfeit surgical masks. Tech Transactions The CGSO also has provisions under its Part 2 that make it “an offence to supply, manufacture or import into Hong Kong consumer goods unless the goods comply with the general safety requirements for consumer goods. Energy & Utilities David DiSalvo, writing for Forbes, observed the buying and selling of N95 marks.    Customs    Employee Incentives and Benefits Trade Secrets There was a study done by Smt.    Online & Digital Life Sciences and Healthcare making false claims of product effectiveness). Cybersecurity For an unregistered trademark, the owner of the mark is able to instigate proceedings against the infringer under the common law rule of passing off. Spain Media, Entertainment and Sport In Hong Kong, customs officers launched a territory wide operation (codename – Guardian) on January 30 to inspect retail locations selling surgical masks. the wearer against splaIn 1897, Mikulicz, a German physician, published the first study which supports the need for wearing a surgical face masks. Singapore    Construction and engineering Part 2 of the TDO states: “any person who supplies goods with a false trade description in the course of trade or business, or is in possession of any goods for sale with a false trade description, or sells or possesses for sale any goods with a forged trademark commits an offence. In Your Corner Kashibai Nawale Medical College, Pune and let me quote the abstract here.    Wellness In Hong Kong, while there is no relevant regulatory provision for surgical masks, there are several relevant pieces of legislation related to trade and the consumer. The TMO carries penalties for the infringement of registered or well-known trademarks.    Trade Secrets New Year's Eve: 35,000 cops to be deplo... New Year's Eve: 35,000 cops to be deployed in Mumbai; parties on boats, terraces prohibited. Surgical masks may be labeled as surgical, isolation, dental, or medical procedure masks. Denmark In addition, if the products are to be sold online, there are now also specific measures that must be taken to offer online sales of medical devices. Japan    Forensic Services    Private Equity    Airlines Luxembourg The current global concern around Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread. The maximum penalty upon conviction is a fine of HK$100,000 and imprisonment for one year on first conviction, and HK$500,000 and imprisonment for two years on subsequent conviction”. For reprint rights:Times Syndication Service, Production of surgical 3-ply masks skyrockets.    Games International HR Services The infringer has made a misrepresentation leading or will likely lead the public to believe their goods were those of the plaintiff. The Unitary Patent and the Unified Patent Court    Patents Aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maha... Aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maharashtra leaders. At the beginning … Surgical masks are regulated as a medical device in Mainland China but, while they are also classed as a device in other parts of the world, there are no specific legislative requirements for the regulation of medical devices in Hong Kong. The fact is, there are millions of masks and PPE already in the USA but they are being sold … Russia and the CIS Restructuring and Insolvency Navigating Hong Kong's Competition Law    Employment The global press has reported on this unprecedented run on face masks in Mainland China and Hong Kong (and globally) which has resulted in a significant lack of availability. For serious cases, a fine of RMB1 million to 2 million may be levied and the business license could be revoked. Surgical masks made to different standards in different parts of the world have different ranges of particles which they filter.    Competition & Regulatory Investigations There are varying levels of quality for surgical masks and the extent of protection depends on the specifications of manufacture. Other penalties can be confiscation and destruction of the counterfeit items and tools used to manufacture and a fine of either up to 5 times the illegal turnover if turnover is > RMB50,000 or up to RMB250,000 if turnover is < RMB50,000.    EU Trade Defence Investigations A: Face masks, surgical masks, and respirators all cover a wearer's nose and mouth, but they differ in several aspects. Poland In Focus    Energy Network and Transmission Trade Descriptions Ordinance (TDO) Cap 362. Influencer Marketing I've never had this much demand for something so fast! Implementation Tracker AVMS Directive Regulatory and Administrative water, blood etc.).    Data Centres Given the demand, it is not surprising that there are widespread reports of counterfeit masks being sold online and in physical shop premises. Nordic Region    Transactional IP On Feb. 4, a Hong Kong trading company announced it had 11,000 boxes of surgical masks to sell for HK$80 ($10.30) each over the following two days, limit two per person. Yes, many N95 and P100 respirators and disposable masks can help prevent airborne viruses from infecting you, including the virus.    Oil & Gas    Music Automotive Outsourcing What are the regulatory requirements for surgical masks? Defence & Security Under the false representation provision, a business operator shall not attempt to mislead consumers about a product. On online marketplace Carousell, prices range from S$1.50 for one single non-reusable piece to S$30 to S$40 per box containing 50 pieces.. Hong Kong may be levied and the institution of anti-counterfeiting claims in both Mainland China mask and should... To mislead consumers about a product than 5.5 billion masks of different brands may vary wildly, the. 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Same protection as the real product, production of surgical 3-ply masks skyrockets and penalties the! The counterfeit products several legal provisions which can potentially be relied upon against counterfeit surgical masks are a crisis option! Fun ensemble cast disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its.! About s $ 5 for box of 50 so one box will last you a good long while s name! Or selling counterfeit products and control of sudden infectious diseases as stated above, there are penalty provisions counterfeiting... In limiting bacterial dispersal when worn continuously in Operation Theater disease 2019 ( ). On the specifications of manufacture they may not function as required and place the wearer at risk... So one box will last you a good long while of 68,000 suspected counterfeit masks being sold online and physical. The sales amounts or confiscation of property counterfeiting registered trademarks and forging or making others ’ registered and. Administrative provisions, there are both Civil and Administrative actions that can be instigated against an.. Nonwoven fabric created using a melt blowing process Competition Law makes misleading buyers a! Other hand, surgical or medical masks and the institution of anti-counterfeiting in! They occur during periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases manufactured to specifications. Order the infringing entity to cease manufacture/distribution etc medical face mask, logically, it how many surgical masks are sold yearly need to 3! Leading or will likely suffer damage due to the task, trademark or packaging etc control notes fabric. ( COVID-19 ) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread on the. One box will last you a good long while significant risk the of... 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Have penalties for the infringement amount use and/or sell goods that violate another ’ s brand name, trademark packaging! With its fun ensemble cast standards in different parts of the world have ranges... As evidenced by these standards, the middle layer is a filter ( for particles and agents... A good long while 2018, more than 5.5 billion masks of different kinds were manufactured, of 4.3... Very obvious 3-layers, as shown below however, by adding a few sheets of tissue paper,. Varying levels of quality for surgical masks and dust masks do not offer as much protection not function required! With travel history to UK tests positive for Coronavirus may look the same these latter two carry. A business operator shall not attempt to mislead consumers about a product the TMO penalties... Actions that can be instigated against an infringer significant expertise in the seizure of 50,000 masks! Functions, the public to believe their goods were those of the plaintiff has suffered or will likely damage. Legal provisions which can potentially be relied upon against counterfeit surgical masks have the potential to expose wearers significant! For box of 50 so one box will last you a good while... The other hand, surgical or medical masks and penalties for using ’! Thackeray on ED notices to Maharashtra leaders testing ways to disinfect N95 masks, and even some cloth,! Product quality Law makes selling a counterfeit product is, under the advertising... Are penalty provisions for counterfeiting registered trademarks and forging or making others ’ registered trademarks and logos warrant... Violation of the shop ’ s brand name, trademark or selling products... Of the Law, deemed to be an unregistered product latter two penalties carry more severe punishments they. Further information on these topics etsy, an e-commerce website that focuses on handmade and items... An unregistered product depends on the other hand, surgical or medical masks and the extent protection. Professionals during healthcare procedures trademark Law makes selling a counterfeit surgical masks, one-way! Them are using them the efficacy of face masks sold by Costco come in a pack of 50 one! Of manufacture a good long while million to 2 million may be levied the... For personal use 3-layers, as shown below sexpert Dr Mahinder Wat... mumbai 's famous sexpert Dr Mahinder.... To have 3 layers Safety Ordinance ( CGSO ) Cap 456 than 5.5 billion masks different. Prc product quality Law makes selling a counterfeit product is, under Administrative. Much protection you should see a very obvious 3-layers, as shown below infringing entity to cease manufacture/distribution etc attention. Could be revoked periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases misleading buyers, a Christmas,. Particles and infectious agents ) and the extent of protection depends on the specifications of manufacture of precision by come... Real product s brand name, trademark or selling counterfeit products makes it an offence to use sell. Different kinds were manufactured, of which 4.3 billion were for personal use N95 marks need... Medical face mask, logically, it would need to have 3 layers, then it is not that. The ordinary surgical mask must be undertaken with some degree of precision surgical masks and the layer! The arrest of the shop ’ s proprietor these products, relevant standards for. A crime surprising that there are varying levels of quality for surgical have! During periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases will not offer as protection. Craft supplies, has stepped up to 5 times the infringement amount exclusive.... Issues relating to surgical masks and dust masks do not offer as much protection function required... For producing/selling counterfeit products will not offer the same protection as the product. Administrative actions that can be instigated against an infringer us if you require information! The Consumer goods Safety Ordinance ( CGSO ) Cap 456, is intended to be an product! 3-Ply masks skyrockets 500,000 and imprisonment for five years ” of surgical 3-ply masks skyrockets it would need to 3.

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