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demographic characteristics of middle colonies

The mid-A… Identify the statements that describe poverty in the colonies in the eighteenth century. Civil unrest in Europe and other colonies saw an influx of immigrants to the Middle Colonies in the 18th century. Unlike English colonial wives, German and Dutch wives owned their own clothes and other items and were also given the ability to write wills disposing of the property brought into the marriage. Lumber, ship building, and trading was used in the colonies and fishing was relied on. Between 1742 and 1753, roughly 1,000 Germans settled in Broad Bay, Massachusetts (now Waldoboro, Maine). The colonies that were the most specialized in the production of goods, such as sugar and coffee, relied the most heavily on slaves. Shopkeepers, artisans, shipwrights, butchers, coopers, seamstresses, cobblers, bakers, carpenters, masons, and many other specialized professions made up the middle class of seaport society. The middle colonies which comprised of New York, Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, the soil and climate in the regions were suitable for agricultural practices. In New England, the Puritans created self-governing communities of religious congregations of yeoman farmers and their families. The central fact of the demographic history of early North America is rapid growth. Economy in the Middle Colonies. Development A large middle class is a defining feature of a developed country. Demographic characteristics are population characteristics such as age, sex etc that are used in demography to develop a demographic profile. However, it is also common for politicians to perform a bait and switch maneuver whereby they claim to represent the middle class in words but represent corporate and upper class interests in action. In the colonies, this could be seen in the evolution of Protestantism over the centuries. The middle colonies were extremely diverse in their demographics. In German communities in Pennsylvania, however, many women worked in fields and stables. Describe crucial demographic and economic differences between the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies. The middle colonies’ settlements were scattered west of New York City and Philadelphia. The Mennonites tended to be very conservative and had their own hymns and Psalters. 1. Deism stressed morality and rejected the orthodox Christian view of the divinity of Christ, often viewing him as a sublime, but entirely human, teacher of morality. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Demographics of the Middle Colonies. Both Canada and the white population of the English colonies experienced increases of 2½ percent per year during the eighteenth century. It was established by William Penn as a haven for Quakers in the New World. Once colonization had begun, the Middle Colonies were more ethnically diverse than the other British colonial regions in North America and tended to be more socially tolerant. Deism influenced the development of Unitarianism in America. The Southern Colonies were economically dominated by the wealthy planters in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina even though much of the population of the south consisted of enslaved Africans. Get an answer for 'What languages did people in the 13 colonies speak?' The Middle Colonies Questions and Answers - Discover the community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on The Middle Colonies The middle colonies were founded by many different ethnic and religious groups, aided by policies of tolerance. Select all that apply. Georgia was envisioned by its founder, General Oglethorpe, as a colony which would serve as a haven for English subjects who had been imprisoned for debt–essentially a province for the resettlement of “the worthy poor.” Oglethorpe banned alcohol, disagreed with slavery, and thought a system of smallholdings more appropriate than the large plantations common in the colonies to the north. The Mennonites left Germany because they were persecuted for refusing to perform military service on the basis of religious objections. They could not divorce, and even single women could not make contracts, or sue anyone or be sued, at least until the late 18th century. By 1776, about 85% of the white population in the British colonies was of English, Irish, Scottish, or Welsh descent, with 9% of German origin and 4% Dutch. Over 90% were farmers, with several small cities that were also seaports linking the colonial economy to the larger British Empire. Charter companies were made up of groups of stockholders, usually merchants and wealthy landowners, who sought personal economic gain and, in some cases, wanted to advance England’s national goals. The acts caused the colonies to set up their own militia to serve in times of emergency. These religiously-affiliated schools may be reflective of the fact that New Englanders wrote journals, pamphlets, books, and especially sermons—more than all of the other colonies combined. But other middle colonies also offered at least limited religious toleration. Drawing of Roger Williams statue, by Franklin Simmons, 1903: Roger Williams, president of the Colony of Rhode Island, was a religious reformer and early Baptist. Middle and Southern Colonies. Laborers stood at the bottom of seaport society. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. 1. They were not allowed to vote and lost most control of their property (if they had any to begin with) in marriage. The Mennonites are a splinter religious group that emigrated mostly to Pennsylvania. I. Characteristics of eighteenth-century British Colonial America A. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. History of religion in the United States. Many more settlers arrived during this time as well, especially Protestant sects seeking freedom of religion. Unlike New England, the mid-Atlantic region gained much of its population from new immigration. Slavery developed quickly in the Carolinas, largely because so many of the early migrants came from Barbados, where slavery was well established. New York allowed churches to be established on the local level, and towns to vote on which church their taxes would support. Roger Williams statue by Franklin Simmons. %��������� By the mid-18th century, shipbuilding was a staple in New England. Demographic characteristics Slaves, indentured servants. A. They all had a common goal, which was to govern themselves and have a say in how they were represented. Southern colonies were made up of a mix of indentured servants, wealthy elite, and slaves from Africa. Peter Laslett has written that « service was practically a universal characteristic of pre-industrial English society1 ». decline resulting from suburbanisation, as well as changing demographic and ethnic characteristics resulting from a range of factors, and some areas have been transformed into desirable, even elite, neighbourhoods. They were also the most religiously diverse part of the British Empire, with a high degree of tolerance. A) The Chesapeake and North Carolina colonies grew prosperous exporting tobacco — a labor-intensive product initially cultivated by white, mostly male indentured servants and later by enslaved Africans. Colonial Characteristics by Region Southern Colonies Chesapeake Colonies Middle Colonies New England Colonies Colonies Agriculture and plantation focused because they wanted to make money Economic success from tobacco cash crop Designed as a grid system, not as cohesive for they were not united by a single religion or belief Organized around a common Geography of the region and its … Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours. Demographic history of the United States. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. They settled in small villages, many for common religious activities, and Puritans initially dominated the region. Eighteenth Century British Colonies. Later groups of Mennonites came to North America from Switzerland, Prussia, the Ukraine, and Russia. However, with extremely cheap land prices, many Protestants moved to Maryland and soon became a majority of the population. Some came in 1683 to settle in Pennsylvania. Using Three rivers -- Susquehanna, Delaware, and Hudson -- tapped fur trade in the interior. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. The term demographics is often used erroneously for demography, the study of human population and its structure and change. x��]ɒ���W�ŊQݪ}�O�p�¢L�t��pBq8b��� ������20���L��r{�������ҵ�RJ5���R�T�j�R�U��x]�RM�o��Uuy_����/����6i�?�����Uj��`m�������{[��Ϸ�x{[}�\ղR�ۛ��ۯ�������;g��z?�m��?�%ۏ={S|�ұ}���g��m���v�*v@�T�ş�����X�����*�'F���M/���}�?�^U�lw�>b���z�iŗ�gab�F�,���9�Җk}^n�i�s��x�|������Ū1��(��u�P~�j?O���{]�3O�'Z���u�Ě徟ݖO"�������4�naB���&ő����wY>q�}rO�\2��,����e����������|r��M���P��v��NʃM�������؝Df'ɶ�my�M��5�3��‚��(�|g!�%�E���e�$��Y�9�b�5�&|*�v{:+�%?�H,�8��¤�Gߨ��t����|�{T��Ӌ�B�6���1-Y{-�o���s7���O��W&�����Cv%6��J(i��L���Ő�.�-%pf�r�g=�Ol��K#P������x�b'�n�����y��k�y�jc�w�~�w�,�frƩ�;��\��jL�\��`%�lش�P���E�g�5�u��4� ���[*/�n;�3���zoj��&����z���l�C��x� See answer jbcbever3345 is waiting for your help. The colonists were left to build their own lives, their own communities, and their own economy. New England In the New England colonies, settlers went there for religious freedom. Instead, membership was limited to those who could convincingly test before members of the church that they had been saved. These new churches gained converts and competed with older Protestant groups like Anglicans (members of the Church of England), Congregationalists (the heirs of Puritanism in America), and Quakers. It is estimated that in 1771, 18 different houses of worship in what is now New York City served a population that could not have numbered higher than 22,000. Demographics include age, income, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. Pennsylvania, founded by William Penn, is an excellent example of a proprietary colony. Learn middle colonies settlement with free interactive flashcards. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. Many of the frontier provinces saw influxes of immigrants due to the availability of cheap land. By 1776, about 85% of the white population in the British colonies was of English, Irish, Scottish, or Welsh descent, with 9% of German origin and 4% Dutch. Many great men would come from the Middle Colonies. By 1750, the combined populations of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania had reached nearly 300,000 people after an influx of German, Swiss, and Irish immigrants. Social Studies. High-level politicians gave out plots of land to male settlers, or proprietors, who then divided the land amongst themselves. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. Most of the colonies were slow to make profits, however, and the English investors often turned over their colonial charters to the settlers. However, women continued to have very few rights. Demographic changes resulted in shift in the balance of power between the colonies and England. KEY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES. The Colonial Population The population of the American colonies through the 18th century was primarily a mixture of immigrants from different countries in Europe and slaves from Africa. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> In New England, the Puritan settlers brought their strong religious values with them to the New World, which dictated that a woman be subordinate to her husband and dedicate herself to rearing “God-fearing” children to the best of her ability. The Middle colonies, including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware all shared the benefit of flat land and rich soil, while the New England Colonies were left with a rocky landscape that made farming difficult. DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MOLTING BLACK BRANT NEAR TESHEKPUK LAKE, ALASKA KAREN S. BOLLINGER AND DIRK V. DERKSEN National Biological Service Alaska Science Center 1011 East Tudor Road Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA Abstract.-Molting Brant (Branta bernicla) in the Teshekpuk Lake Special Area (TLSA) on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska were studied from 1987 to … The Population. Introduction. -Later known as the "bread basket" colonists. The influence of these older Protestant groups, such as the New England Congregationalists, declined because of the Great Awakening. Demographic characteristics All of the systems of government in the Southern Colonies elected their own legislature, they were all democratic, they all had a governor, governor's court, and a court system. Many initially landed in family groups in Philadelphia or Baltimore but soon migrated to the western frontier, where land was cheaper and restrictions less onerous. We therefore investigate the demographic characteristics of those who move within Europe, focusing on selected cases and the period 2008–2011. Agricultural Differences . In the north, many colonists lived on small, self-sufficient farms and enjoyed a fairly high level of education and personal liberty. Nonetheless, the Great Awakening touched the lives of thousands on both sides of the Atlantic and provided a shared experience in the 18th-century British Empire. Each region had things that they were good at and things that they were not good at. They rejected what appeared to be sterile, formal modes of worship in favor of a vigorous emotional religiosity. The populations of four Colonies—Virginia, Massachusetts, North Carolina and New York—do not include certain territorial claims that became separate states after the Revolution. THE MIDDLE COLONIES/ FOUNDERS The Middle Colonies are made up of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Finally, the geography and climate of the Middle Colonies affected who would settle there by dictating the economic activities of the region. It has been suggested that free movement within the EU is particularly availed of by the highly educated (Favell 2008). Learn More. They first settled in Georgia, then moved to Pennsylvania and North Carolina. Among Puritan settlers in New England, wives almost never worked in the fields with their husbands. Frequent conversion to evangelical Christianity B. ��pe*�.؉R�G����8������:�Z%P�i*#�˟�0Z�@��O�ޠ4C:�{�� \�}��M�C!�\�$ݏK�D�RR�2A�J�� tƢT���oO���h��y����������@��ݻ�GqB@)l��~*�D=����=R������[���4$:',}�����,T�n�?R9�yJRrq��/���������4A�PK3�oo���SZ4p�E����C��t*Qo��c�)V����T>��k��b��ȝg�[�u/�B9!�� .�(|\ܕ�rDQ�Β�T 舳�XՋ\���p��Mm���Q�N��[Z��,n���r���-"�潊C%M;'tR����\[C&a�. In New York's Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch poltroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. Many in New England also based their lifestyle on the sea and became merchants or fishermen. Many of these artisans and traders made enough money to create a modest life. CC licensed content, Specific attribution,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Religion in the Middle Colonies. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. Shipbuilding, commerce, and fisheries were important in coastal towns. Methodism spread to America in the late 1760s. A colonial woman was expected to be subservient to her father until she married, at which point she became subservient to her husband. I. Characteristics of Middle Colonies. Colonies such as Pennsylvania and Delaware had more farming. New England’s healthy climate (the cold winters killed the mosquitoes and other disease-bearing insects) and abundant food supply resulted in the lowest death rate and highest birth rate of any of the colonies. Individuals could bring about their own salvation by accepting Christ, an especially welcome message for those who had felt excluded by traditional Protestantism—women, the young, and people at the lower end of the social spectrum. Large portions were usually given to men of higher social standing, but every white man who wasn’t indentured or criminally bonded had enough land to support a family. In addition, many small subsistence farms were family owned and operated by yeoman farmers. Excellent land for farming: region became known as the "bread colonies" for exports of grain; also fruits and vegetables. German and Dutch immigrants granted women more control over property, which was not permitted in the local English law. The lower class were farmhands, unskilled laborers, and indentured servants. By 1715, South Carolina had a black majority because of the number of slaves in the colony. The southern regions are composed of five different states Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The First Great Awakening illustrated the evolution of Protestantism in the British colonies. Add your answer and earn points. The colonial western frontier was mainly settled from about 1717 to 1775, mostly by Presbyterian settlers who were feeling hard times and persecution in northern England border lands, Scotland, and the northern portion of Ireland. Each group of colonies had its unique aspects in many areas, from architecture to economics, and various more characteristics. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. B. Old Ship Church, Hingham, Massachusetts, ca. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. It created a religious and ethnic pluralism that attracted immigrants from all over Europe. The Chesapeake – Maryland and Virginia – have many distinct characteristics. Large portions were usually given to men of higher social standing, but every white man—who wasn’t indentured or criminally bonded—had enough land to support a family. The 18th century saw a host of social, religious, and intellectual changes across the British Empire. From the foundation of the colonies beginning with the founding of Jamestown until the beginning of the Revolutionary War, different regions of the eastern coast had different characteristics. The demographic, ethnic, and social characters of Britain’s colonies were some of the major characteristics to be altered in the 1700s. %PDF-1.3 Unlike New England, the mid-Atlantic region gained much of its population from new immigration. Harvard University, founded by Congregationalists, became a source of Unitarian training. The Congregational Church, founded by the Puritans, was not automatically joined by all New England residents because of Puritan beliefs that God singled out only a few specific people for salvation. Before 1720, most colonists in the mid-Atlantic region worked with small-scale farming and paid for imported manufactures by supplying the West Indies with corn and flour. Other New England merchants took advantage of the rich fishing areas along the Atlantic coast. Lifestyles among British colonists in North America varied dramatically by region. The monthly journals appearing toward the middle of the century also contained occasional bits of information; but on the whole they are much less valuable sources than the weekly newspaper. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of the 17th century. Most of these settlers were male immigrants from England who died soon after their arrival. New England was settled by a highly educated, agricultural demographic, and its population grew rapidly due to favorable weather conditions that kept disease low. a. By 1800, all but one Congregationalist church in Boston had Unitarian preachers teaching the strict unity of God, the subordinate nature of Christ, and salvation by character. Wealthy merchants in Philadelphia and New York, like their counterparts in New England, built elegant Georgian-style mansions. Arable land was plentiful and the soil was fertile. They traveled to the new world in 1769 to start American Methodist societies; Pilmore in Philadelphia, and Boardman in New York. American colonies, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in the area that is now a part of the eastern United States. 1. They were all established as Royal colonies 3. The colonies grew both geographically and numerically from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). Seventeenth-century rates, beginning from a low base and more influenced by immigration, were even higher. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Farmers also expanded their production of flaxseed and corn due to the high demand of flax in the Irish linen industry and corn in the West Indies. This coupled with religious freedom gave more options to immigrants who were migrating from Europe. BY: HYSTORIAN VIVIANE HARLE 2. Demographic Characteristics of Intra-EU Movers. Which are some characteristics of the Middle Colonies? Characteristics of the Southern Colonies. Every male citizen had a voice in the town meeting. The Southern Colonies were economically dominated by the wealthy planters in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, even though much of the population of the south consisted of enslaved Africans. Many of these colonists later moved to Boston, Nova Scotia, and North Carolina. The Moravians, like John and Charles Wesley, arrived in America in 1735. 1700: less than 300,000 people; 2.5 million by 1775 (20% black) b. The population of the American colonies through the 18th century was primarily a mixture of immigrants from different countries in Europe and slaves from Africa. Characteristics Of The 13 Colonies; ... Caribbean, Middle Colonies, and the Lower South. Each colony had its own unique characteristics, but historians lump them. The Germans, comprising Lutherans, Reformed, Mennonites, Amish, and other sects, developed a rich religious life with a strong musical culture; collectively, they came to be known as the Pennsylvania Dutch. There was more religious freedom in the Middle Colonies than in New England. Common Characteristics The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. The town meeting levied taxes, built roads, and elected officials who managed town affairs. Meanwhile, William Penn, who founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1682, attracted many British Quakers with his policies of religious liberty and freehold ownership. The mid-Atlantic region was also heavily agricultural, but its lifestyle practices differed depending on the ethnicity of immigrants to the region. Excellent land for farming: region became known as the "bread colonies" for exports of grain; also fruits and vegetables. Colonies such as New York and New Jersey had more manufacturing than farming. In the 17th century, early British colonies developed along the Atlantic coast, with regional differences that reflected various environmental, economic, cultural, and demographic factors. In contrast to the South where the cash crop plantation system dominated, and New England whose rocky soil made large-scale agriculture difficult, The middle colonies were fertile. However, numerous religious groups, especially the Puritans in New England, established tax-supported elementary schools so their children could learn to read the Bible. The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. These shipyards were aided by cheap wood sold by merchants who exploited the vast amounts of timber along the coasts and rivers of northern New England. In New York's Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch patroons operated very large landed estates and rented land to tenant farmers. By 1780, about 287,000 slaves had been imported into the 13 colonies, most into the southern colonies. The Mennonites are a religious group which immigrated to America from Europe. Current and former indentured servants made up as much as 80% of the population in Virginia in the 17th century. stream In what way did the region of the Middle Colonies help establish one of the defining characteristics of our nation? A.

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